As is the case with almost all vertebrates, black mambas reproduce sexually.  They are diecious animals, meaning that there are separate male and female organisms.  There isn’t a lot of sexual dimorphism exhibited in this species, so both male and females have the same appearance.  Black mambas breed once during the year and this occurs in the spring, which in Africa is around September.  Black mambas have a distinct mating ritual in which the males will fight for the right to mate with a female.  These fights will occur in the form of wrestling and the snakes will try to

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capture the females attention so that they will choose them to mate.  These fights will last anywhere from a few minutes to an hour.  When a suitable female mate has been found, the male will inspect the female with its sensitive tongue by flicking it across her body.  After the two snakes are finished mating, the male and female no longer interact.  The female will produce 15 to 25 eggs and they will grow in her body for around 60 days at which point she will lay them to hatch.  Once exposed to the external environment, they will incubate for 60 days.  Ideal locations to nest the eggs are mounds of dirt and the females will seek out these out.  The females will aggressively defend their eggs in the nest.  The young hatch at around 50 cm in length and are independent right from the beginning, as they have to hunt and acquire food for themselves.  They also contain potent venom from birth, but are not able to inject as much venom as an adult is able to.

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