Campbell, N. Reece, J. Urry, L. Cain, M. Wassernam, S. Minorsky, P. Jackson, R. 2008. Biology eighth edition. Pearson Education Inc., San Francisco, California, USA.

Echardt, M. Kane, D. 2008. Potential Changes in the Forest Community Structure of the Lake Erie Islands Due to the Invasion of the Emerald Ash Borer. Ohio Journal of Science. Vol 108. Ohio, USA.

Farrar, J. 1995. Trees of northern United States and Canada. Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, USA.

Gabriel, W. 2010. Western North Carolina Nature Center. Silver Maple – Acer saccharinum – maple family. <URL:>. Accessed March 2010.

Grimm, W. 1962. The book of trees. Telegraph Press, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, USA.

Little, E. 1980. The Audubon society field guide to North American trees eastern region. Alfred A. Knopf Inc., New York, USA.

Preston, R. 1976. North America trees. Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, USA.

Tekiela, S. Shanberg, K. 1995. Nature smart a family guide to nature. Adventure Publication, Cambridge, Minnesota, USA.

United States Department of Agriculture, 2010. Natural Resources Conservation Services – Plants Profile. <URL:>. Accessed March 2010.

University of Wisconsin – Green Bay. Cofrin Center for Biodiversity, Herbarium. <URL:>. Accessed April 2010

University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point, Robert W. Freckman Herbarium. <URL:>. Accessed March 2010

Van Gelderen, D. de Jong, P. Oterdoom, H. 1994. Maples of the world. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon, USA.

Wang, S. Lyles, L. Gerneni, S. Carlos, WJ. McKie, P. 2008. Phytophthora species associated with silver maple bleeding canker in northern Nevada. Biological Science, ProQuest. <URL:>