Brain, K.R. 1976. Accumulation of L-DOPA in cultures from Mucuna pruriens. Plant  Science Letters. 7:157-161.


     Campbell, N.A., J.B. Reece, L.A. Urry, M.L. Cain, S.A. Wasserman, P.V. Minorsky, and R.B. Jackson. 2008. Biology Eighth Edition. Pearson Benjamin Cunnings, San Francisco, California, USA. Pp. 801-810.


     Health Benefits of Velvet Beans. <URL:>. Accessed 12 April 2011.


     Hettich, K. A Look at Five green Manures for Tropical Systems. <URL: Manures.pdf>. Accessed 10 April 2011.


     Life Cycle Bean Plant. 2007-2008. <URL:>. Accessed 10 April 2011.


     Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC var. utilis (Wight) Burck. <URL:>. Accessed 30 March 2011.


     Pretty, J. “The Magic Bean” (Mucuna pruriens ~ the velvetbean). <URL:>. Accessed 9 April 2011.


     Reported Uses and Benefits of Velvet Bean. 2010. <URL:>. Accessed 13 April 2011.


     Rich, J., Blount, A., Wright, D., Marois, J., and Sprenkel, D. Selected Legumes Used As Summer Cover Crops. 2009. <URL:>. Accessed 11 April 2011.


     Riviera, E. Bean Plant Life Cycle. 2008. <URL:>. Accessed 9 April 2011.


     Shelley, W.B. and Arthur, R. P. 1995. Studies on Cowhage (Mucuna Pruriens) and Its Pruritogenic Proteinase, Mucunain. AMA Arch Derm. 72:399-406


     Siddhuraju, P., Vijayakuma, K., and Janardhanan, K. 1996. Chemical Composition and Protein quality of the Velvet Bean (Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC.). Journal of  Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 44:2636-2641.


     Transport in Plants. 2008. <URL:>. Accessed 2 April 2011.

     Tropical Forages. Mucuna pruriens. 2005. <URL:>. Accessed 10 April 2011.


     Vadivel, V. and Janardhanan, K. 2000. Nutritional and Anti-nutritional Composition of  Velvet Bean: an Under-Utilized Food Legume in South India. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition. 51:279


     Wilcox, E.V., Smith, C.B., 1904. Farmer’s Cyclopedia of Agriculture. Pp. 129-130.

     Wilmot-Dear, C.M. 1987. A Revision of Mucuna (Leguminosae: Phaseoleae) in the Indian Subcontinent and Burma. Kew Bulletin.  42:23-46.


Back to Home