Where in the World is Culchicum Autumnale?
Autumn Crocus can be found in various locations around the world. It is most common in Europe (also the native home of Holly) and North Africa. It has also crossed the ocean and made its way to America. Its homed in the states of Oregon, Utah, Kentucky, North Carolina, District of Columbia, New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Massachusetts.













Soil Types
These flowers are more commonly found in grassland or forestland, usually in a sunlit position. They prefer fertile soil with good drainage. In the wild they can be found in substrate made up of limestone with a neutral pH although they can survive in varying pH’s from 4.5 to 7.5. Because of this it is easier for them to withstand cold temperatures as low as -20 degrees. They can be found at altitudes up to 2100m but, most often are at regular level in hilly areas. In Italy it is commonly found in the Apennines but is found in other places as well. In addition to this people have grown them just sitting on top of a layer of moist rocks. In all they are not a picky flower.

Although you may want to spice up your garden with this pretty bloom you might want to reconsider, especially if you have pets. There have been many reports of dogs, cats, or even rabbits ingesting this plant. It usually results in vomiting blood, diarrhea, or shock. Even larger animals like deer and horses can be affected to various degrees. Other organisms such as bees can still use the flower as a source of nectar though. Even spiders and other small things can use it as a place for shelter.
Meadow Saffron can inflict damage on other organisms but it can also be harmed itself by a fungus called Uruocystis cepulae. This fungus, also known as onion-smut, attacks the scales on the corm, reducing them to black dust. It can be found in Europe, the U.S., Africa, and Australia as well as parts of Egypt, Japan, Peru, and other places.

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