Euconulus fulvus (Müller 1774) - (Brown Hive Snail)


Domain: Eukaryota

Euconulus fulvus (Müller 1774) is classified as Eukarya because it includes organisms with a true nucleus and organelles bound in a nuclear membrane (Hickman et. al, 2009).

Kingdom: Animalia  

In addition, Euconulus fulvus (Müller 1774) is in the kingdom Animalia. Characteristics that unite this snail to this kingdom are that it is multicellular, and is heterotrophic (relying on other organism for their food). Euconulus fulvus (Müller 1774) bodies are made up of  many cells organized into tissues; these tissues become specialized to some degree and are able to perform a number of different specific functions. In most, tissues are organized into even more specialized organs. Euconulus fulvus (Müller 1774) are also capable of complex movement compared to plants and other organisms (Myers, 2001).

Phylum: Mollusca

This snail is also a part of the phylum Mollusca. Euconulus fulvus (Müller 1774) have many characteristics that place them in this specific phylum. They include having a mantle, which encloses the air-breathing lung of these snails. Another function of their mantle is to secrete the shell that this phylum of snails uses as a form of protection along with many other functions. These free-living organisms are bilaterally symmetrical possessing a strong muscular foot that they use for means of locomotion. 

Internally, this phylum of snail possesses an open circulatory system, a nervous system, and a complex digestive system. These snails are equipped with a radula that they use for rasping food and other various materials. In terms of reproduction, no asexual reproduction is present in this specific phylum; however, both monoecious and dioecious forms are present, Euconulus fulvus (Müller 1774) being monoecious (Hickman et. al, 2009).

Class: Gastropoda

This snail is also placed in the class Gastropoda. It is a member of this class because Euconulus fulvus  (Müller 1774) posses a muscular foot, which is used for locomotion.  Another feature that connects Euconulus fulvus  (Müller 1774) to this class is they possess a single, spirally coiled shell.  ”Torsion” or the process, which results in the visceral mass and mantle on the foot being rotated, is another characteristic of gastropods.  The result of this rotation is the mantle (including anus) lying in the anterior body, over the head and mouth, and gut and nervous system are twisted(Hickman et. al, 2009).

Order: Stylommatophora

The occurrence of retractile tentacles, eyes at the tip of posterior tentacles, a secondary ureter, the anterior migration of the female aperture and a long pedal gland placed beneath a membrane are all present on Euconulus fulvus (Müller 1774) and are all synapomorphies of this order (Dayrat & Tillier, 2002.).

Family: Helicarionidae

Euconulus fulvus (Müller 1774) is associated with the family Helicarionidae because they are air-breathing land snail (Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005).

Genus: Euconulus

Snails classified under the class Euconulus possess a small bee-hived or cone shaped shell. These shells are usually yellowish-white in color and have a glassy appearance. The shells are much greater in height than they are in width, sometimes as much as a three-fourths difference has been measured. Two other distinguishing characteristics of this genus of genus include well-rounded upper whorls with the base of these whorls curving or bulging outward (Baker, 1939).

Species: Euconulus fulvus

Possessing a bee hive or cone shaped glossy cinnamon colored shell are only a couple of the many characteristics of Euconulus fulvus (Müller 1774). In addition,  the shells of these snails can only have a maximum number of whorls of 5.5. Euconulus fulvus (Müller 1774) are able to grow to be approximately 2.4mm in height and 3.5mm in diameter(Pilsbry 1939-1948; Grimm, 2009).

Now that you know where this snail fit into the tree of life, continue on to the Habitat page to find out the types of environments this snail prefers.


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