Patterson, T.R., W.B. McKillop, S. Kroker, E. Nielsen, and E.G. Reinhardt. 1997. Evidence for rapid avian-mediated foraminiferal colonization of Lake Winnepegosis, Manitoba, during the Holocene Hypsithermal. Journal of Paleolimnology 18: 132-133.

Nekola, J.C. 2003. Large-scale terrestrial gastropod community composition patterns in the Great Lakes region of North America. Diversity and Distributions 9: 55-71

Nekola, J.C. 2010. Acidophilic gastropod communities of North America.  Journal of Molluscan Studies  Vol. 76 Issue 2: 144-156

Watters, G.T., T. Menker, and  S.H. O’Dee. 2005. A comparison of terrestrial snail faunas between strip-mined land and relatively undisturbed land in Ohio, USA – an evaluation of recovery potential and changing faunal assemblages. Biological Conservation 126:166-174


Hubricht, L. 1985. The distribution of the native land molluscs of the eastern United States. Fieldiana Zoology 24: 23&116


Myers, P. 2011.


Ramel, G.


Myers, P., and Dr. J.B. Burch. 2011.

Stylommatophora. Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary.

Nordsieck, R.  2009.

Nordsieck, R.  2009.

Hotopp, K., and T. Pearce. 2006. Land Snail Ecology: Reproduction and Life History.

Hotopp, K. 2005. Land Snail Ecology