Even though the kiwifruit is very picky in the type of habitat it lives in, it still has adapted in many ways to increase its chances of survival. Kiwifruit Pile - Photo by Robyn Stanley
One of the most important general adaptations is that Actinidia deliciosa is an angiosperm. This means that the seeds and ovules are enclosed in carpels which provide an enormous increase in reproductive protection when compared to gymnosperms like the Eastern white pine tree. The fruit that we eat is actually the ovary of the plant that has developed due to pollination and fertilization (see Reproduction for more information).
Being an angiosperm also means that kiwifruit have a more specialized form of pollination and seed dispersal. This is another major adaptation from other plants in the area. The plants with this adaptation do not have to rely exclusively on water or wind for pollination. A. deliciosa is able to take advantage of the various and numerous insects leaving near it, like the Honeybee, to help carry pollen and fertilize the female plants.

 Kiwifruit Flower - Photo by Mike Rubel
However, the kiwi flowers are not particularly appealing to bees and other insects. The simple white flower does not necessarily attract the insects. The plant has adapted to overcome this problem though. The flowers are very large, one to two inches, and extremely fragrant which attracts the pollinators and makes up for their lack of appeal.
 Kiwifruit Plant Leaves - Photo by Jim Xerogeanes
Being a plant, Actinidia deliciosa relies on photosynthesis to generate energy. All plants, including kiwifruit, have adapted in order to optimize their ability to catch sunlight. The kiwifruit plant has leaves arranged in an alternating pattern which, at first, may not seem like a big deal but can make all the difference. These alternating leaves provide a greater opportunity for exposure to sunlight, in turn allowing for more photosynthesis to take place which results in more energy provided for the plant.
 Whole Kiwifruit - Photo by Luca83 on Florida Plant Identification Website
Even the characterizing brown hairs on the surface of the fruit skin are an adaptation. Many fruits can get damaged by insects, specifically fruit flies. The fruit of A. deliciosa is covered in these tiny hair-like projections which help to protect the fruit from fruit fly and other insect damage.
As also stated on the habitat page, a growing kiwifruit vine is extremely sensitive to temperature changes. It is has been able to adapt and be able to withstand temperatures down to 10°F. The plant must be able to adjust to severe temperatures slowly because abrupt temperature plummets can cause extreme vine and bud damage.

Kiwifruit is unable to move. However, it and other plants are incredibly successful for being immobile organisms. They acquire all of their nutrients and materials without even moving. They have adapted to bring these materials to them rather than moving to the source! Kiwifruit vines have internal transport tissues to carry materials throughout the plant, roots and leaves. They utilize their roots to absorb a high amount of water and their leaves to absorb sunlight to generate energy. This topic is continued on the next page, Nutrition.

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